BOTOX® Cosmetic is a simple, non-surgical procedure for temporarily reducing the appearance of moderate to severe vertical frown lines between the eyebrows. These lines, also known as glabellar lines, look like an “11” in adult women. BOTOX® Cosmetic reduces the activity of the muscles that cause these lines to form by blocking nerve impulses that trigger wrinkle-causing muscle contractions, creating an improved appearance between the brows. Results can last up to four months and may vary with each patient.
BOTOX® Cosmetic is a prescription medicine that is injected into muscles and used to improve the look of moderate to severe frown lines between the eyebrows (glabellar lines) in adults for a short period of time.
BOTOX® Cosmetic is a prescription medicine that is injected into the area around the side of the eyes to improve the look of moderate to severe crow’s feet lines in adults for a short period of time (temporary).
Botox for Excessive Sweating
Excessive sweating, also known as “Hyperhidrosis”, is a common problem that affects both men and women. It is seen most often in the underarms, hands and feet and it can cause both social and occupational problems. Hyperhidrosis can now be effectively treated with BOTOX®. When injected into the affected area, BOTOX® can effectively inhibit overactive sweat glands up to 9 months.
Severe underarm sweating is a medical condition known as severe primary axillary hyperhidrosis, which involves overactive sweat glands. Sweat is your body’s temperature regulator. In severe primary axillary hyperhidrosis, sweating significantly exceeds the body’s normal requirements for cooling. Severe underarm sweating that is not adequately managed by topical agents has been shown to frequently interfere with one’s daily activities.
Many people who live with this problem do not realize that they have a chronic, distinct condition despite the fact that they may go through several changes of clothes daily. Most people are misdiagnosed with anxiety disorders or told they cannot be effectively treated or that the only treatment options are extremely invasive..
Botox for Migraines
BOTOX® is a prescription medicine that is injected into muscles and used to prevent headaches in adults with chronic migraines.
Also referred to as Botulinum toxin, it is a neurotoxin produced by clostridium botulinum, the bacteria that thrive in poorly sterilized canned food and produces the severe food poisoning called botulism. This is the toxin that paralyzes nerves by blocking the release of a substance called acetylcholine – which blocks the muscles and prevents them from contracting thereby causing paralysis. The substance which is ingested in spoiled food and causes the illness is known as botulism.
However, in therapeutic uses, Botox is injected directly into the muscle rather than absorbed into the bloodstream. The dose is a fraction of that which causes botulism.
Botox is well known for its use in treatment of wrinkles. It has approval for use in treating facial tics and spasms, dystonia and other forms of spasticity in cerebral palsy for example. Its tolerability and safety record for these uses are excellent. The principle behind its use in this case, is to relax tense or spastic muscles by blocking Acetylcholine release which stimulates muscle contraction.
“the discovery of Botox for treatment of migraine was quite by accident”
The discovery of Botox for treatment of migraine was quite by accident. Several patients who were using Botox for injection of wrinkles also happened to have migraine. They reported improvement in their headaches following injection of Botox to their brow and forehead muscles.
Safety is always a concern. However, Botox’ record since 1989 is excellent. There is no systemic absorption as there is with oral medication; therefore no systemic side-effects are seen. Drooping eyelids can occur with improper injection techniques, but these are transient. Botox can be considered in patients when other migraine treatments fail or are contradicted. Cost depends on the number of units required. Safety and tolerability are excellent. Studies are ongoing to prove efficacy.
At present the use of Botox® is restricted to a few specialist headache centres, but as time goes on there should be increasing numbers of trained injectors available. In all cases, however, you should ensure that the person injecting has received appropriate training, both in the diagnosis and management of chronic migraine, and in the delivery of Botox®.